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/****************************************************************************
**
**  Name: crt0ram.S
**
**  Description:
**        Implements boot-code that calls LatticeDDInit (that calls main())
**        Implements exception handlers (actually, redirectors)
**
**  $Revision: $
**
** Disclaimer:
**
**   This source code is intended as a design reference which
**   illustrates how these types of functions can be implemented.  It
**   is the user's responsibility to verify their design for
**   consistency and functionality through the use of formal
**   verification methods.  Lattice Semiconductor provides no warranty
**   regarding the use or functionality of this code.
**
** --------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**                     Lattice Semiconductor Corporation
**                     5555 NE Moore Court
**                     Hillsboro, OR 97214
**                     U.S.A
**
**                     TEL: 1-800-Lattice (USA and Canada)
**                          (503)268-8001 (other locations)
**
**                     web:   http://www.latticesemi.com
**                     email: techsupport@latticesemi.com
**
** --------------------------------------------------------------------------
**
**  Change History (Latest changes on top)
**
**  Ver    Date        Description
** --------------------------------------------------------------------------
**  3.8   Apr-15-2011  Added __MICO_USER_<handler>_HANDLER__ preprocessor to 
**                     allow customers to implement their own handlers for:
**                     DATA_ABORT, INST_ABORT
**  
**  3.1   Jun-18-2008  Added __MICO_NO_INTERRUPTS__ preprocessor
**                     option to exclude invoking MicoISRHandler
**                     to reduce code-size in apps that don't use
**                     interrupts
**
**  3.0   Mar-25-2008  Added Header
**
**---------------------------------------------------------------------------
*****************************************************************************/
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/*
 * LatticeMico32 C startup code.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */
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/* From include/sys/signal.h */  
#define SIGINT  2   /* interrupt */
#define SIGTRAP 5   /* trace trap */
#define SIGFPE  8   /* arithmetic exception */
#define SIGSEGV 11  /* segmentation violation */

//#define MICO32_FULL_CONTEXT_SAVE_RESTORE


/* Exception handlers - Must be 32 bytes long. */
        .section    .boot, "ax", @progbits
	
        .global	_start  
_start: 
	   
        .global _reset_handler
        .type 	_reset_handler, @function
_reset_handler:
    xor r0, r0, r0
    wcsr    IE, r0
    wcsr    IM, r0
    mvhi    r1, hi(_reset_handler)
    ori     r1, r1, lo(_reset_handler)
    wcsr    EBA, r1
    calli   _crt0
    nop
        .size	_reset_handler, .-_reset_handler
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.org 0x80
/* Used by the dumping tool to identify byte ordering */	
.ascii	"WRPC----"
.int	0x01234567
.short	0x89ab, 0xcdef
/* Pointer to structures, for the dumping tool */
.word	softpll, fifo_log, ppi_static, 0
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.extern _irq_entry
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.org 0xc0
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        .global _interrupt_handler
        .type 	_interrupt_handler, @function
_interrupt_handler:
    sw      (sp+0), ra
    calli   _save_all
    mvi     r1, SIGINT
#ifndef __MICO_NO_INTERRUPTS__
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    calli  _irq_entry
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#else
    wcsr    IE, r0
#endif
    bi      _restore_all_and_return
    nop
    nop
    nop
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        .global _crt0
        .type 	_crt0, @function
_crt0:
    /* Clear r0 */
    xor     r0, r0, r0
    /* Setup stack and global pointer */
    mvhi    sp, hi(_fstack)
    ori     sp, sp, lo(_fstack)
	
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    mvhi    r1, hi(_fbss)
    ori     r1, r1, lo(_fbss)
    mvi     r2, 0
    mvhi    r3, hi(_ebss)
    ori     r3, r3, lo(_ebss)
    sub     r3, r3, r1
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    calli   memset
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    mvi     r1, 0
    mvi     r2, 0
    mvi     r3, 0
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    calli   main
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loopf:
	bi loopf
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        .global _save_all
        .type 	_save_all, @function
_save_all:
#ifdef MICO32_FULL_CONTEXT_SAVE_RESTORE
    addi    sp, sp, -128
#else
    addi    sp, sp, -60
#endif
    sw      (sp+4), r1
    sw      (sp+8), r2
    sw      (sp+12), r3
    sw      (sp+16), r4
    sw      (sp+20), r5
    sw      (sp+24), r6
    sw      (sp+28), r7
    sw      (sp+32), r8
    sw      (sp+36), r9
    sw      (sp+40), r10
#ifdef MICO32_FULL_CONTEXT_SAVE_RESTORE
    sw      (sp+44), r11
    sw      (sp+48), r12
    sw      (sp+52), r13
    sw      (sp+56), r14
    sw      (sp+60), r15
    sw      (sp+64), r16
    sw      (sp+68), r17
    sw      (sp+72), r18
    sw      (sp+76), r19
    sw      (sp+80), r20
    sw      (sp+84), r21
    sw      (sp+88), r22
    sw      (sp+92), r23
    sw      (sp+96), r24
    sw      (sp+100), r25
    sw      (sp+104), r26
    sw      (sp+108), r27
    sw      (sp+120), ea
    sw      (sp+124), ba
    /* ra and sp need special handling, as they have been modified */
    lw      r1, (sp+128)
    sw      (sp+116), r1
    mv      r1, sp
    addi    r1, r1, 128
    sw      (sp+112), r1
#else
    sw      (sp+52), ea
    sw      (sp+56), ba
    /* ra and sp need special handling, as they have been modified */
    lw      r1, (sp+60)
    sw      (sp+48), r1
    mv      r1, sp
    addi    r1, r1, 60
    sw      (sp+44), r1
#endif
//    xor     r1, r1, r1
//    wcsr    ie, r1
    ret
        .size  	_save_all, .-_save_all
	
        .global _restore_all_and_return
        .type 	_restore_all_and_return, @function
    /* Restore all registers and return from exception */
_restore_all_and_return:
//    addi    r1, r0, 2
//    wcsr    ie, r1
    lw      r1, (sp+4)
    lw      r2, (sp+8) 
    lw      r3, (sp+12) 
    lw      r4, (sp+16) 
    lw      r5, (sp+20) 
    lw      r6, (sp+24) 
    lw      r7, (sp+28) 
    lw      r8, (sp+32) 
    lw      r9, (sp+36) 
    lw      r10, (sp+40)
#ifdef MICO32_FULL_CONTEXT_SAVE_RESTORE
    lw      r11, (sp+44)
    lw      r12, (sp+48)
    lw      r13, (sp+52)
    lw      r14, (sp+56)
    lw      r15, (sp+60)
    lw      r16, (sp+64)
    lw      r17, (sp+68)
    lw      r18, (sp+72)
    lw      r19, (sp+76)
    lw      r20, (sp+80)
    lw      r21, (sp+84)
    lw      r22, (sp+88)
    lw      r23, (sp+92)
    lw      r24, (sp+96)
    lw      r25, (sp+100)
    lw      r26, (sp+104)
    lw      r27, (sp+108)
    lw      ra, (sp+116)
    lw      ea, (sp+120)
    lw      ba, (sp+124)
    /* Stack pointer must be restored last, in case it has been updated */
    lw      sp, (sp+112)
#else
    lw      ra, (sp+48)
    lw      ea, (sp+52)
    lw      ba, (sp+56)
    /* Stack pointer must be restored last, in case it has been updated */
    lw      sp, (sp+44)
#endif
    nop
    eret
        .size   _restore_all_and_return, .-_restore_all_and_return